In today’s market, affordability is an elusive target due to the number of factors that define it. What homeowners applaud as “increasing equity” as the price of homes in their neighborhoods rise, potential buyers perceive as homes pricing themselves out of reach requiring a larger mortgage. The 30-year fixed rate mortgage benchmark is inching its way north of 3.5% as the economy improves, becoming another barrier to affordability for potential homeowners. Affordability is equally a concern for rank-and-file renters who face the never-ending cycle of rising rents, as demonstrated by the greater Los Angeles market where rents have increased by nearly 30% since 1993 while renter incomes have decreased by 6% over the same time period.
The real culprit here is not affordability, but available inventory, or rather, the lack thereof. One of the consequences of the last cycle was a contraction in single-family and multifamily construction as developers felt the crunch of a debilitating housing downturn. Moreover, the growing numbers of foreclosures and REO created the new “shadow” inventory class that gave the perception of surplus housing units available to the market. But that same downturn created opportunities for cash investors to snap up those distressed bargains in bulk from lenders and government entities. Additionally, foreclosure prevention activity initiated on both the state and government level capped the flow of new distressed assets into the available inventory. Now with a perceived end to the housing crisis and a return to stability, the industry finds there are simply not enough housing units at reasonable prices for renters and entry-level homeowners to comfortably afford. We are currently partnering in an affordable housing condo project in Oxnard, California and can attest to the overwhelming demand we have experienced from qualified buyers unable to find any housing.
If affordability is tied to available inventory, investor participation is absolutely critical to restore equilibrium. During the darkest moments of the housing crisis, multifamily property activity was the one bright spot in a lackluster housing market providing housing for those displaced as a result of foreclosure or other relevant lifestyle shocks. Developers in the single-family sector have already begun to seize the moment of a post housing crisis with new projects. New projects require fresh sources of capital. While the “thawing” of traditional capital channels via commercial lenders is continuing, lenders should bring more to the table in terms of flexible credit conditions to support more development in both multifamily and single-family arena.
Bringing more new units to market overall should also coax more existing single-family units into the housing supply. Many potential sellers are still waiting on the sidelines waiting for prices to appreciate even further before listing their property with an agent. As prices stabilize with new inventory, sellers should be motivated to put their property on the market before values begin to level off. The principles of supply / demand economics should modulate appreciating home values in such a way to allow more buyers into the market with more homes for sale.
This market is on the verge of a breakout year, but only if more buyers gain access to the market with available inventory to meet demand. The market must create favorable conditions not only for sellers with fair home values, but also for buyers whose purchase power can afford the homes on the market.